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SEP & MEP Revalidation/ Renewal

Revalidation (of a license, rating or certificate) – this is the process taken if your license or rating has not expired.

Renewal (of a license, rating or certificate) – the process required if your license or rating has expired.

To revalidate an SEP rating you must:

Complete 12 hours of flight time in a single-engine (single-pilot) aeroplane within the 12 months preceding the rating’s expiry date, a minimum of 6 hours’ solo flight time (PIC) with 12 take-offs and landing; and a training flight of at least 1 hour (or a maximum of three totaling 1 hour with the same flight instructor).

If you have already completed a proficiency check or skill test in another type or class of aeroplane, you will not have to complete this training flight.

If you are unable to complete the above, you will need to pass a proficiency check in a single-engine (single-pilot) aeroplane with an examiner. The proficiency check must take place within the 3 months immediately before the rating’s expiry date. The new rating expiry date will then be based on the expiry date of the current rating.

A Multi-Engine Piston (Land) class rating is valid for 12 months and must be revalidated by proficiency check by an examiner. As with the SEP rating, if the test is carried out within the three months prior to the expiry date of the rating, the new rating expiry date will be based on the expiry date of the current rating, otherwise from the date of the test.

An additional requirement for revalidation is that the applicant has flown at least 10 route sectors (take-off, cruise of at least 15 minutes, arrival, approach, and landing) within the validity of the rating, however, this requirement can be substituted by a single route sector flown during the test.

UPRT Instructor Training

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Advanced Upset Prevention Recovery Training (UPRT)

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Private Pilot Licence (PPL)

The minimum age to get a PPL is 17 and you will need to hold a Part MED Class 2 Medical Certificate.

A PPL for aeroplanes will allow you to act as pilot in command (PIC) in non-commercial operations on aeroplanes or touring motor gliders (TMGs). The exception to this is for holders of a PPL(A) with instructor or examiner privileges who can be paid for the following:

  • Flight instruction for the LAPL(A) or PPL (A)
  • Conducting skill tests and proficiency checks for the LAPL(A) or PPL(A) and any associated ratings or certificates.

Flight instruction and crediting
You will need to complete 45 hours of flight instruction on aeroplanes, 5 hours of which may have been completed in an approved flight simulator (an FSTD – flight simulation training device), including at least:

  • 25 hours of dual flight instruction,
  • 10 hours of supervised solo flight time, including at least 5 hours of solo cross-country flight time with at least 1 cross country flight of at least 270 km (150 NM) that includes full stop landings at 2 aerodromes different from the departure aerodrome.

Source: CAA

Instrument Rating (IR)

You will need an instrument rating attached to your licence if you want to fly under instrument flight rules. The instrument rating enables you to fly the aircraft solely with reference to the in-cockpit instrumentation. This means you will be able to fly in cloud and other circumstances of reduced visibility. You can complete an IR for the following aircraft categories:

  • Aeroplanes
  • Helicopters
  • Airships

Once you have completed you IR, you will be able to fly under IFR with a minimum decision height of 200 feet (60 m) on instrument approach procedures.

Before applying for an IR you need to have met certain pre-requisite requirements. These are explained below. You will need to hold a current and valid Class 1 Part medical or Class 2 medical with a valid audiogram to apply.

Aim: To gain an instrument rating by completing a standalone training course and operate aeroplanes under IFR and in IMC conditions.

Source: CAA

Commercial Pilots license (CPL)

The minimum age to get a CPL is 18 and you will need to hold a Part MED Class 1 Medical Certificate. If you hold a CPL you can, on the appropriate aircraft category:

  • exercise all the privileges of the holder of a LAPL and a PPL. (To exercise LAPL privileges you will need a LAPL licence)
  • act as pilot in command (PIC) or co-pilot of any aircraft operations other than commercial air transport
  • act as PIC in commercial air transport of any single-pilot aircraft, subject to some restrictions
  • act as co-pilot in commercial air transport subject to some restrictions.

Requirements
Training requirements differ depending on the aircraft category and training route you take. These are set out below. However, in all cases, you must fulfil the class or type rating requirements for the aircraft you take your CPL skill test on. For example, if you are taking the skill test on a multi-engine piston aeroplane (MEP) class, you must have met the relevant flight training requirements. You must successfully complete theoretical exams and flight instruction at an approved training organisation (ATO).

Source: CAA

Airline Transport Pilots License (ATPL)

The minimum age to get an ATPL is 21 years old and you will need to hold a Part MED Class 1 Medical Certificate. If you hold an ATPL you can, in the appropriate aircraft category:

exercise all the privileges of the holder of a LAPL, PPL and CPL. (To exercise LAPL privileges you will need a LAPL licence) act as pilot in command (PIC) of aircraft flown for commercial air transport operations. Applicants for the issue of an ATPL shall have fulfilled the requirements for the type rating of the aircraft used in the skill test.

Pre-requisites
If you are applying for an ATPL (A) you will need to already: hold an MPL, or hold a CPL (A) and a multi-engine IR for aeroplanes and have completed instruction in multi-crew co-operation (MCC).

Source: CAA

Multi Engine Piston Rating (MEP)

If you have not held a multi-engine piston (single pilot) rating before, you will need to complete at least 70 hours as pilot-in-command (PIC) on aeroplanes in addition to the below requirements. You must have a valid and appropriate class or type rating in order to do any flying other than flight instruction, skill tests or proficiency checks for the renewal of type or class ratings.

Ratings privileges
If you hold a type or class rating, you can act as pilot on the class or type of aircraft specified in the rating.

Training and testing
You will need to complete the following at an approved training organisation (ATO):

  • at least 2.5 hours of dual flight instruction in multi-engine aeroplane operations under normal conditions
  • at least 3.5 hours of dual flight instruction in engine failure procedures and asymmetric flight techniques
  • You will need to take 7 hours of theoretical knowledge instruction in multi-engine aeroplane operations at an ATO.

Source: CAA

Flight Instructor Certificate (FIC)

A Flight Instructor (FI) course typically takes between five to six weeks (full-time). FI course training can take place at any of our partner bases, either full-time or part-time, and typically with a maximum of two students per FI Instructor. The course covers two key elements:

Ground School – 125 hours
Learning not only about the courses that you will end up instructing – i.e. the LAPL/PPL(A) course – but also techniques for getting the best out of your students. The ground school encompasses a teaching and learning core course along with exercises where you will be expected to deliver lessons to your instructor.

Flight Training – 30 hours
Putting into practice the theory you have learned, your FI Instructor will pretend to be your student exposing you to the likely situations and mistakes that you will have to deal with as a future Instructor. Under the expert guidance of our FI Instructor, you will also gain first-hand experience of potentially unsafe situations that trainee pilots can put themselves into, and how to deal with them.
At the end of the course, you will demonstrate your ability to teach to a Flight Instructor Examiner.

COURSE REQUIREMENTS
Prior to starting a Flight Instructor Certificate (FIC) course with us, you must:

Hold a valid EASA CPL (or an EASA PPL with 200 hours flight time of which 150 hours as PIC)
Have completed at least CPL-level theoretical knowledge examinations,
Pass a pre-entry flight test within six months of starting the course, and
Meet the other requirements defined in EASA Part-FCL 915.FI

Flight Instructor Refresher and Renewal Training

An SFI certificate is issued with a validity of 3 years. However, a revalidation can be completed within the last 12 months of the expiry date. Therefore, the new expiry date of a further 3 years will be calculated from the current expiry date of the SFI certificate when completed within the revalidation period.

Revalidation
To revalidate an SFI certificate applicants are required to complete at least two out of the following three requirements, before the expiry date of the SFI certificate:

  • (i) Have completed at least 50 hours as instructors or examiners in FSTDs, of which at least 15 hours in the period of 12 months immediately preceding the expiry date of the SFI certificate
  • (ii) Have completed instructor refresher training as an SFI at an approved ATO
  • (iii) Have passed the relevant sections of the AoC

Additionally, applicants shall have completed, on an FFS, the proficiency checks for the issue of the specific aircraft type ratings representing the types for which privileges are held For at least each alternate revalidation of an SFI certificate, the applicant is required to pass the relevant sections of the AoC If an SFI holds a certificate in more than one type of aircraft within the same category, the assessment of competence taken on one of those types shall revalidate the SFI certificate for the other types held within the same category of aircraft

Renewal
To renew an expired SFI certificate, applicants are required to complete the following requirements within12 months immediately preceding the submission of their application:

  • Have completed instructor refresher training as an SFI at an ATO
  • Have passed an SFI AoC
  • Have completed, on an FSTD, the skill test for the issue of the specific aircraft type ratings representing the types for which privileges are to be renewed
  • Please refer to ‘FCL.940.SFI – Revalidation and renewal’ in Easy Access Rules for further guidance.

Source: CAA

Instructor Refresher Seminars (FI/IRI)

Virtually attend these seminars through our partners at FPT for only £275.

Please contact us for more information.

Aerobatic Ratings

Aerobatics Course FCL.800
As well as specialising in UPRT, Our partners at FPT offer an aerobatics course for those with a passion to learn to fly or develop their piloting skills.

Prerequisites: Before commencing an aerobatics rating the student shall have at least 40 hours of flight time as PIC in the appropriate aircraft category.

Course Duration: A full time course is expected to take 1 week to complete, most students will take 2 to 4 months to complete the course on a part time basis.

Flying Time: At least 5 hours or 20 flights

Ground School: Consists of a minimum of 8 hours

Aim: The aim of the aerobatic course is to qualify licence holders to perform aerobatic manoeuvers and enhance their handing ability.

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